The head of the European Commission seeks to reassure Serbia on the candidacy for the EU
- EU chief seeks to reassure regional leaders on six-day tour
- EU and Balkan leaders to meet for summit next Wednesday
- Migration fears and disinterest hamper EU Balkan strategy
BELGRADE, Sept.30 (Reuters) – The European Commission decided on Thursday to reassure Serbia about its future membership of the European Union after an internal document in Brussels showed that EU states could no longer agree to guarantee to six Balkan countries a place in the bloc.
Separately, France said it supports the opening of official EU membership talks with Albania and North Macedonia, which hope to join Serbia and Montenegro as official candidates preparing for actively join the bloc, provided they pursue reforms.
Ahead of the Balkan-EU summit on October 6 in Slovenia, Reuters reported on Tuesday that the 27 member states have so far been unable to agree on a statement reaffirming their commitment to 18 years of future membership. to the EU for the Western Balkan States. Read more
The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, took advantage of her stopover in Serbia on Thursday, as part of a regional tour in six countries, to show that Brussels has not forgotten their aspirations.
“I am a strong supporter of Serbia’s entry into the European Union,” she said in a speech for the opening of a railway line.
“We support Serbia’s ambition to open new membership groups as soon as possible,” said von der Leyen, referring to the negotiating chapters, while acknowledging that EU states had the final say to allow Belgrade to move forward.
Serbia, the largest non-EU Balkan country with around seven million inhabitants, is seen as the backbone of the region and the EU hopes Belgrade’s influence in the Balkans could help others. to reform. The other two candidates for EU membership are Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo.
Bulgaria has prevented North Macedonia from starting membership talks due to a cultural and linguistic dispute. Albania is linked with North Macedonia in the accession process under EU rules.
French Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Anne Claire Legendre told Reuters that, given reforms to the EU’s accession methodology, the conditions are in place for an “intergovernmental conference” to launch the accession negotiations with Skopje and Tirana.
In February 2018, the European Commission said Serbia could join the EU by 2025, adding that this was a very ambitious goal. This now seems out of reach, as slow progress in rule of law reforms is delaying accession negotiations.
Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic, alongside von der Leyen, pledged reforms and help improve ties with Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in 2008.
Vucic, a former ultra-nationalist who pivoted to a pro-European stance in 2008, aims to bring his country into the EU, which requires some form of accommodation with Kosovo.
But the Serbs regard Kosovo as an inseparable cradle of their national identity and do not recognize its independence.
To a positive extent, Kosovo agreed on Thursday to withdraw police units from its northern border with Serbia to end an escalation in free movement between the two countries that has prompted NATO to step up its patrols. Read more
Reporting by Ivana Sekularac, additional reporting by Robin Emmott in Brussels and John Irish in Paris Editing by Gareth Jones
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